For or Against Euthanasia
2015级 商学院 陈晨
With the tremendous development of science and technology, especially in the medical field, people’s longevity has been spectacularly improved. However, there are still some incurable diseases, bringing people affected by these diseases incalculable suffering. To relieve their pain, euthanasia is considered as an option. Nevertheless, different people hold different opinions upon euthanasia.
Juristically, euthanasia is legal in some countries, such as Netherlands, Germany, and a few states in America, thanks to many people’s multi-lateral cooperation. Jack Kevorkian, the pioneer in pushing forward the decriminalization of euthanasia in America, maintains that choosing death is not a crime. According to him, people are born with the right to choose life or death, and euthanasia corresponds with morality because patients who have fatal diseases are allowed to end their pain forever. Thus euthanasia is humane because it helps to hasten the death of a terminally ill patient, hence end the pain, since existence is more of a torment than enjoyment.
However, there are still numerous people who are against euthanasia, which is why euthanasia is still illegal in many countries. According to these people’s statement, euthanasia is defined to be murder, and it endows doctors too much initiative which doctors should not be allowed to have. Most significantly, euthanasia destroys the mutual trust within the doctor-patient relationship, and the decriminalization of euthanasia changes the conscience of civilization, lowering people’s willingness to survive.
As far as I am concerned, I am in favor of euthanasia, because it can relieve an incurable patient of pain and save medical resources. Since the patient will never recover or regain consciousness again, trying to save him or her is a waste of time and medical resources, and so euthanasia can bring mental and physical release. Mercy killing is motivated by nothing but the love and sympathy for the dying patient. By contrast, extending an incurable patient's life means aggravating the pain. Therefore, despite some objections to euthanasia, it can be beneficial to the dying patients and the whole society.